The Beginnings of the Universe

In this post I discuss what we may infer about the beginnings of the universe.

Using the kinetic particle theory of the universe we begin with a three dimensional space which contains a gas of small (10-35 m diameter, 10-66 kg mass) particles which are smooth and perfectly elastic.  They have an average speed ten times the speed of light.  Due to the random velocities of these particles winds are formed and occasional permanent tornado-like assemblies are produced which live forever.  These assemblies are condensations of the background gas, they move at a tenth the average speed of the background gas (and thus, they translate at the speed of light), and occur in an extended range of masses.  These assemblages are neutrinos.  On rare occasions a neutrino with the mass of a proton will collide with other neutrinos and end up taking a circular path.  Such an event of a neutrino with the mass of a proton taking a circular path produces a proton.

Simultaneously an electron is made and due to the electrostatic attraction of an electron to a proton, a hydrogen atom is formed.  All matter consists of neutrinos taking a circular path.  The combined electrostatic fields of the electron and proton in the hydrogen atom stir the background gas and produce the gravitational force field.  Gravitation causes hydrogen atoms, which are continually being made, to assemble with each other.  These assemblages continually grow and form hydrogen stars.  Hydrogen stars continually grow.  Their gravitation gets strong enough to collapse the electronic orbits in hydrogen and make neutrons – and, thus, neutron stars.  Neutron stars keep growing and, finally, their gravitational fields get strong enough to collapse the nuclear structure, then nucleons return back to free neutrinos which cause the neutron star to explode.  The explosion produces fragments of all sizes including, black holes, smaller neutron stars, hydrogen stars, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and space dust.

The kinetic theory model of the beginning of the universe is contrasted with the Big Bang theory.  In this theory the universe begins with an infinitesimal space containing an infinite mass 1013 years ago.  The mass begins expanding, much as a fertilized organic seed begins growing to make a complete organism, and the expansion begins showing structures such as nucleons, atoms, planets, and stars.  The explosion has continued for 1013 years and is still continuing.  Space ends at 1013 light years from the earth (that is 1034meters distant).  With the kinetic particle theory what we can see of the universe ends to  a sphere centered at the earth and with a radius of 1034 meters – but space extends indefinitely in all directions.

Joe