My name is Joseph Milroy Brown, aka Joe Brown. I was born on January 9, 1928 in the rural community of Gatewood near Fayetteville, which is a small town in southern West Virginia. I am here to tell you about my book, *The Mechanical Theory of Everything*. I received two bachelor degrees in engineering from West Virginia University. Also, I received master and PhD degrees from Purdue University with majors in Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics, and Mathematics.

I worked in the aerospace industry for 20 years designing airplanes, missiles, space boosters, and satellites. I taught engineering part-time at WVU, USC, and UCLA while an undergraduate, in graduate school, and while in industry. I taught machine design, mechanics, and thermodynamics at Mississippi State University for 21 years, ending in 1991. I then managed a chain of bookstores from 1991 until now which my wife and I own and operate.

Have you ever heard of the equation $E=mc^2$ ? How about the mass of a particle getting larger because it begins moving? How about a clock slowing down as it moves? And, how about material shrinking as it moves? All of these occur and the work of two different scientists explain how such things occur. One scientists was Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) and the other was Isaac Newton (1643 – 1727). Einstein developed the equations explaining the phenomena using a weird four-dimensional system where time is the fourth dimension. Using Newton’s work, the exact same equations are developed describing the phenomena, i.e., strictly using classical mechanics. Actually, Newton did not develop the equations since he didn’t know the structure of matter. Knowing the structure of matter, which we do, and using Newtonian mechanics, gives straightforward answers to the mass growth, time variation, and matter shrinking questions. We now show you how this occurs. We also show some other interesting phenomena using classical mechanics.

We begin with an ether theory. We have an ether consisting of a gas of perfectly elastic, smooth, spherical, identical particles which are moving at high speed and colliding with each other. The ether is very energetic. One cubic meter of the ether gas has enough energy to power the earth for millennia. The ether is very dense. Its density is 50 trillion times as great as lead. With such a great density, you may wonder how we can move. We’ll explain how we move in this talk. Not only is space filled with ether gas particles, but all matter, photons, everything in the universe is made of these gas particles. Our ground rules for the development of our theory are the laws of classical, or Newtonian, mechanics. From the postulated ether it is easy to derive the conservation laws:

- Mass is conserved;
- Linear Momentum is conserved (in three directions);
- Angular Momentum is conserved (in three directions);
- Energy is conserved.

Furthermore, defining force as the time rate of momentum imparted by collisions, it is easy to derive Newton’s famous law $F = ma$.

First, we describe the structure of matter. Matter at rest consists of a mass *m* taking a circular path with a velocity equal the speed of light *c*. Thus, the energy *E* of matter is given by

$E = mc^2$ [Eq. 1]

which is the formula postulated by Einstein.

In order for matter to move, photons impinge on the matter, deposit mass to the matter, and scatter off at lower energy (and a longer wavelength). The momentum imparted to the matter is equal to the mass captured times c, plus the momentum imparted by the scattered photon. The average scatter angle is 90° so that the average momentum imparted by the scattered photon is its mass times its speed, *c*. Thus, the average total momentum imparted is the total momentum of the impacting photon. Assuming many photons are used, the Newtonian analysis of the acceleration gives the equation for the mass at velocity, $m_v$ , as

$m_v = m_0 / \sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}$ [Eq. 2]

where $m_0$ is the mass at rest, $v$ is the particle velocity, and $c$ is the speed of light. The captured mass $m_c$ is

$m_c = m_v – m_0 = m_0 \left ( \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}} – 1 \right )$ [Eq. 3]

The circular path of the mass making matter changes to a plane spiral path as shown here.

*Figure 1. Rest and Moving Particle*

Motion is accomplished simply by changing the direction of the moving mass – not by changing its speed. Impact by matter with a single ether particle will change the direction slightly. Thus, it is easy to move in the dense ether. The orbital path for one cycle of a moving particle is longer than that for a rest particle and the mass still moves at velocity *c*. Thus, it takes longer to execute a cycle. The time for a cycle when moving, $T_v$ , is

$T_v = T_0 / \sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}$ [Eq. 4]

where $T_0$ is the time for a circular orbit.

The orbit seen from a reference frame moving with the particle is an ellipse with its minor diameter parallel to the velocity shortened by the factor

$d_v = d_0 \sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}$ [Eq. 5]

where $d_v$ is the minor diameter and $d_0$ is the diameter of the path at rest.

The five Newtonian equations are identical to the Einstein equations. However, the Einstein interpretations differ radically from the Newtonian interpretations. According to the Einstein theory:

- In equation (1) the particle does not have mass moving at velocity
*c*. It is simply energy. - Using equation (2) if you see a particle moving past you at velocity
*v*, the Einstein theory says its mass is larger than $m_0$. If you run and catch up with the particle, its mass decreases to $m_0$. - In equation (4) if the particle moves at velocity
*v*relative to you, the time for an orbit is increased. If you catch up with the particle the orbit time goes back to the rest orbit time and the orbit shape goes back to circular. - In equation (5), again, the length goes back to $l_0$ if you catch up with that particle.
- The Einstein theory postulates that photons always move at velocity
*c*with respect to all frames, no matter what their velocity is. This is not true. The measurement of the velocity of a photon, using a clock and length measure on the given frame, always gives the same result since, for instance, the clock on a moving frame runs slower and the measuring rod shortens so that the ratio of length divided time is the same for all reference systems. - A really absurd result of the Einstein theory is illustrated by two space ships approaching each other. An observer on the earth sees each one moving at 0.8 times the speed of light. The observer on one space ship sees the other space ship coming toward him at only 0.8 times the speed of light, according to the Einstein theory. Another interesting aspect of accelerating matter is what happens to the mass captured by the accelerated particle. Our Newtonian analysis results in the center of gravity of the mass being captured at a fixed distance from the particle. The two masses then rotate as they translate with their joint center of mass taking a straight path, of course, as shown below.

Another interesting aspect of accelerating matter is what happens to the mass captured by the accelerated particle. Our Newtonian analysis results in the center of gravity of the mass being captured at a fixed distance from the particle. The two masses then rotate as they translate with their joint center of mass taking a straight path, of course, as shown below.

*Fig. 2. Center of Gravity of Captured Mass/Particle*

Thus, the particle undulates as it translates – giving it a wave property. The equation of this motion is obtained by balancing the centrifugal force on each mass by a centripetal force holding the mass in the curved path, i.e., *F = ma*. Writing *F = ma* for both masses gives the famous Schrödinger equation which spawned quantum theory. but the Schrödinger equation is simply a Newtonian (classical) mechanics equation.

Earlier we showed you that the Einstein relativity equations are derivable from classical (Newtonian) theory. We have just indicated that the foundation of quantum mechanics, i.e., the Schrödinger equation is derived from classical mechanics. Physicists almost universally believe this is impossible. They say the Schrödinger equation can not be derived from more fundamental principles. But, actually, the Schrödinger equation is a Newtonian system. Now *modern physics* was ushered in by Einstein’s special relativity and quantum mechanics. However, both theories are Newtonian theory. We believe Newton should usher out *modern physics* and usher back in *classical physics*.